The Convention on Biological Diversity ranks Uganda as one of the top ten countries in the world for biodiversity. Uganda is covered by forest and grassland. with a wide variety of different habitats, including mountains, hills, tropical rainforest, woodland, freshwater lakes, swamps and savanna with scattered clumps of trees
Mabira rain forest alone covers about 300 square kilometres, it is a perfect place to get in touch with nature while in Uganda. Mabira is a home of a variety of plant and animal species, including 312 tree and shrub species , over 200 species of butterflies, and a home for endangered species like the primate Lophocebus ugandae.
A little about primate Lophocebus ugandae, is a species of Old World monkey found only in Mabira Forest Uganda and in the Minziro Forest Reserve, just over the border in Tanzania. This species is significantly smaller than the grey-cheeked mangabey, with a shorter skull and smaller face.
Mabira Forest also is a home to bush-pigs, blue duikers, red-tailed monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabeys ( a smaller species of mangabeys has been discovered here). There is also the occasional leopard you will most likely not see here.
With its wide range of habitat types, Uganda is regarded as a hotspot for biodiversity. Some 345 species of mammals have been recorded in the country.
Nearly half of the mountain gorillas in the world live in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, and it is also a sanctuary for colobus monkeys and chimpanzees, and birds such as hornbills and turacos.
In the Queen Elizabeth National Park there are 95 species of mammal, including African buffalo, Ugandan kob, hippopotamus, Nile crocodile, African bush elephant, African leopard, lion, and chimpanzee. The area around Ishasha in Rukungiri District is famous for its tree-climbing lions, whose males sport black manes.